There are 1.9 billion acres of currently owned and available land in the contiguous United States. 

Trying to place a dollar amount on the value of 1.9 billion acres of contiguous American land is virtually impossible. After all, “value” is a relative term. Placing a dollar amount on something of value requires considering many related factors, especially the real estate market’s current dictates.

However, one economist theorized that the totality of available land in the United States might have a $23 trillion market value. Relative to that estimate, each acre of American land has a rough value of $12,000.

However, a rough theoretical estimate has no value in the real world of real estate economics. And this little thought experiment was presented to you to help you think about what must be considered before making an offer to purchase land.

Relative to market conditions and supply and demand, an acre of land in the cheapest cost-of-living state is probably worth about $2,000 per acre.

And if you wanted to buy land in a state with a high cost-of-living, an acre of land would probably be worth $2 million per acre.

For context, one acre of land in Wyoming is worth about $1,560 per acre. Meanwhile, one acre of land in New Jersey is worth about $196,400 per acre.

If you were going to buy land in Wyoming, New Jersey, or any other state in between, would you know what you were getting?

Buying land and buying a house is not the same process. And if you are buying land to build a home, you ask for a lot of headaches if you don’t know what you are doing.

If you need help to understand the contractual obligations involved in purchasing land, contact Millman National Land Services today. 

Don’t try to make such a financially consequential decision on your own.

Now here is what you must know before making an offer to purchase 

land.

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You’ll Probably Own the Land Under a House You Buy (Probably)

Bird’s eye view of a residential neighborhood

Before you negotiate an offer to buy land, you could buy a house instead. In most circumstances, you own the land under and around the house you buy relative to the home sale contract stipulations.

Even a fancy Latin principle explains this concept: “For whoever owns the soil, it is theirs up to heaven and down to hell.” (Neat, huh?)

However, just because you buy a house does not necessarily mean you automatically own the land under it.

Depending on your state of residence, the home seller may be able to withhold information from you in the contract legally deceptively. 

In 2014, a Tampa Bay Florida residential home construction company sold the land rights to 2,500 homes it constructed a nearby energy company. And the company hid this information in complicated legalese in the contracts. 

So, anyone who bought a home from this company had to forfeit any rights to the land underneath their house. And all 2,500 homeowners had to allow an energy company to seize any valuable energy commodity found under their homes at any time in perpetuity.

If you can get cheated like this buying a home, what can go wrong when buying land?

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You Don’t Know if You Own Land You Purchase

If you decide to buy land, you need to hire consultants and professionals to carefully read the contract. 

What you don’t know or understand in a land purchase contract relative to disclosures can cost you dearly in the long-term. Remember, every state has its legal dictates allowing home sellers to keep information from you.

However, when it comes to land sales, the person selling the land to you may not even know who truly owns the property.

An unknown party could wholly or partially own the land you are purchasing. Or an unknown party could have made past or current claims to the land you are buying unbeknownst to you.

The land you buy may feature overlapping boundaries with your neighbors. So, even your neighbors could lay claim to portions of your land in the future.

The land and areas under your land (yes, this is a real thing) could be owned or claimed by someone else. Or a wealthy corporation could own or try to lay claim to the land you buy.

You and the person selling the land may be honestly unaware of such issues. However, that fact won’t save you from years or decades of severe financial and legal headaches.

You can search the public record and pay for a title report to learn preliminary ownership information and if anyone has a legal claim to the land you are buying.

It also helps to do some public records research if you learn the land you are buying has liens against it, unpaid property taxes, or was bequeathed as a gift in a will.

You Can Buy Land to Save Money on Home Building (Probably)

The average cost of a new home in the United States is $330,000. However, it is cheaper to buy some land and then build your own home on that land.

At the low-end spectrum, it can cost you $150,000 to build your own home.

Still, there are so many related construction costs that come with building a home on land you purchased.

It can cost up to $21,000 to pour the concrete to form the foundation for your home. And then it will cost thousands to dig the hole before you even begin pouring concrete.

Setting up any heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems in your home could cost $34,000. 

Then you must consider how much money it will cost to set up your home’s electrical and plumbing systems.

Where is this land that you are purchasing located precisely? If your land is located far from any municipal, state, or federal infrastructure systems, like any sewer or water lines, then you will have to pay to hook them up.

You may have to pay to have a septic tank system installed on your land.

Also, just because you bought some land doesn’t mean that you get to connect to local utilities automatically. To connect to local utilities and pay taxes, you will have to go to a local affiliated office and sign bureaucratic paperwork.

Consult Professionals Before Buying Land

Bird’s eye view of a residential neighborhood

Before you buy land, consult with a lawyer, real estate, and zoning law professionals.

Consider hiring a topographic surveyor to confirm the legal boundaries of your land as well.

Contact the professionals at Millman National Land Services if you need help purchasing land.

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